Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
; CCAST, World Lab, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
; SW Univ, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China
; Natl Lab Heavy Ion Accelerator, Ctr Theoret Nucl Phys, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
; Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
The chromopolarizability of a quarkonium state is a measure of the amplitude of the E1-E1 chromoelectric interaction of the quarkonium with soft gluon fields and can be measured in the heavy quarkonium decays. Based on the chiral unitary approach, formulas with modification caused by the S wave pi pi final state interaction (FSI) for measuring the chromopolarizabilities are given. It is shown that the effect of the S wave pi pi FSI is very important in extracting chromopolarizabilities from the experimental data. The resultant values with the FSI are reduced to about 1/3 of those determined without the FSI. The consequences of the FSI correction in the J/psi-nucleon scattering near the threshold are also discussed. The estimated lower bound of the total cross section is reduced from about 17 mb to 2.9 mb, which agrees with the experimental data point and is compatible with the previously estimated values in the literature. In order to understand the interaction of heavy quarkonia with light hadrons at low energies better and to obtain the chromopolarizabilities of quarkonia accurately, more data should be accumulated. This can be done in the J/psi ->pi(+)pi(-)l(+)l(-) decay at BES-III and CLEO-c and in the Upsilon ->pi(+)pi(-)l(+)l(-) decay at B factories.