Zhengzhou Univ, Fac Phys Engn, Zhengzhou 450052, Peoples R China
; Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Phys, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
; Qin Shihuangs Mausoleum, Museum Terracotta Warriors & Horses, Xian 710600, Peoples R China
In order to search for sources of the raw material of the Qin's terracotta warriors and horses, we selected 20 samples of pottery warriors and pottery horses of the Qin's Mausoleum from pit No. 1, 19 samples of pottery warriors and brick from pit No. 2, 20 samples of clays near the Qin's Mausoleum and 2 samples of Yaozhou porcelain bodies. The 32 kinds of element content of each sample were measured by neutron activation analysis (NAA). These data were analyzed by fuzzy cluster analysis, the trend cluster analysis diagram was obtained. The results showed that samples of terracotta warriors and horses from pits No.1 and No. 2 were closely related to the loam layer near Qin's Mausoleum, but their relations with the loess layers were not so close, and they were out of all relation to Yaozhou porcelain bodies. Thus, it could be deduced that the Li Mountain clay may be considered as the original place of the raw materials of the terracotta warriors and horses, the kiln sites might be located nearby the Qin's Mausoleum.
Zhao, WJ,Xu, AJ,Li, RW,et al. Microelement analysis of source of raw materials of terracotta warriors and horses of Qin's Mausoleum in pits No. 1 and No. 2[J]. CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,2002,47(16):1337-1340.
Zhao, WJ.,Xu, AJ.,Li, RW.,Gao, ZY.,Li, GX.,...&柴之芳.(2002).Microelement analysis of source of raw materials of terracotta warriors and horses of Qin's Mausoleum in pits No. 1 and No. 2.CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,47(16),1337-1340.
Zhao, WJ,et al."Microelement analysis of source of raw materials of terracotta warriors and horses of Qin's Mausoleum in pits No. 1 and No. 2".CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN 47.16(2002):1337-1340.