Shuangnan Zhang, male, born in1962. obtained PhD degree from Southampton University in 1989. Worked as postdoctoral research associate in University of Pennsylvania from1989 to 1992. From 1992, senior scientist of NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and Universities Research Association, assistant, associate and full professor at University of Alabama in Huntsville. From 2002 to 2009, distinguished professor in Tsinghua University. From 2004 to 2009, part-time duty as director of the Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Since 2009, director of the Center for Particle Astrophysics and Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Areas of Research: pulsars, black hole X-ray binaries, neutron star X-ray binaries, gamma-ray bursts and supernovae, active galactic nuclei, cosmology, general relativity, high energy radiation mechanism, space instrumentation and method. Achievement and Experience:
In 2007, supported by the distinguished young scientist award of NSFC of China, and awarded the “Zhao Jiuzhang Space Science Prize”. In 2008, awarded Yangtze Scholar Distinguished Professorship of the Ministry of Education of China at Tsinghua University. In 2009, awarded the “Copernicus Distinguished Scientist Prize” of the University of Ferrara, Italy. In 2011, Selected into the National “Thousand Talents Program” and appointed as “National Distinguished Expert” by the central government of China.
On astrophysical research, he (and his collaborators) discovered several black holes and neutron star X-ray binaries; the black hole spin measurement method pioneered by him has become a standard method in black hole astrophysics research and has been applied and cited widely; he proposed and applied the method of using SN Ia to calibrate the gamma-ray burst luminosity relations as standard candles for cosmological studies; he solved the “frozen star” paradox in black hole formation; he proposed the magnetic field evolution model of radio pulsars and explained the statistical properties of their timing noise; he proposed a new method of measuring the mass of a black hole; he discovered the statistical evidence of two components of the broad line region in a active galactic nuclei (AGN); he proposed formation and evolution model of the dusty torus in an AGN by the anisotropic radiation of its accretion disk. He published about 200 refereed papers, including two lead-author papers in Nature and Science, with a total of about 5000 citations. On space astronomy experiments and methods, he (and his collaborators) invented and developed the earth occultation imaging method; he proposed and experimentally verified a new imaging method; he is the assistant-PI of the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope satellite, Co-PI of the SVOM gamma-ray burst mission, PI of the POLAR gamma-ray burst polarization experiment onboard China’s spacelab, and the PI of the planned XTP satellite and HERD (High Energy cosmic-Radiation Detector) facility onboard China’s space station.