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Comparative toxicity of rod-shaped nano-CeO2 and nano-CePO4 to lettuce
Source PublicationMETALLOMICS
AbstractThe influence of morphology on the biological effects of nanomaterials (NMs) has not been well understood. In the present study, we compared the phytotoxicity of rod-shaped nano-cerium dioxide (R-CeO2) and nano-cerium phosphate (R-CePO4) to lettuce plants. The results showed that R-CeO2 significantly inhibited the root elongation of lettuce, induced oxidative damages, and caused cell death, while R-CePO4 was nontoxic to lettuce. The different distribution and speciation of Ce in plant tissues were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) combined with linear combination fitting (LCF). The results showed that in the R-CeO2 group, part of Ce was transformed from Ce(IV) to Ce(III), while only Ce(III) was present in the R-CePO4 group. When interacting with plants, R-CeO2 is easier to be dissolved and transformed than R-CePO4, which might be the reason for their different phytotoxicity. Although both are Ce-based NMs and have the same morphology, the toxicity of R-CeO2 seems to come from the released Ce3+ ions rather than its shape. This research emphasizes the importance of chemical composition and reactivity of NMs to their toxicological effects.
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology
WOS SubjectBiochemistry & Molecular Biology
WOS IDWOS:000697155100001
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Document Type期刊论文
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BSRF用户. Comparative toxicity of rod-shaped nano-CeO2 and nano-CePO4 to lettuce[J]. METALLOMICS,2021,13(7):mfab033.
APA BSRF用户.(2021).Comparative toxicity of rod-shaped nano-CeO2 and nano-CePO4 to lettuce.METALLOMICS,13(7),mfab033.
MLA BSRF用户."Comparative toxicity of rod-shaped nano-CeO2 and nano-CePO4 to lettuce".METALLOMICS 13.7(2021):mfab033.
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