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Nanostructural hereditability in polyacrylonitrile based fibers studied by small angle X-ray scattering
Gong Y(宫宇); Du R(杜蓉); Mo G(默广); Xing XQ(邢雪青); Wu ZH(吴忠华); Gong, Y; Du, R; Mo, G; Xing, XQ; Lu, CX; Wu, ZH
2018
Source PublicationPOLYMER
ISSN0032-3861
EISSN1873-2291
Volume153Pages:485-497
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe description of nanostructures in polyacrylonitrile fibers (PANFs), stabilized fibers (SFs) and carbon fibers (CFs) is still ambiguous and even controversial. In this paper, small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) technique was used to characterize the nanostructures in PANFs, SFs, and CFs. Grubb and Thunemann-Ruland methods were used to analyze the orientation of the anisotropic scatterers in the fibers, and Shioya-Takaku method was used to analyze the lateral dimension of the anisotropic scatterers. The 2D-SAXS patterns were well decomposed into a diamond-like component and a fan-shaped component based on the simulation of SAXS patterns. The results demonstrate that there are always some microfibrils that contribute to the diamond-like SAXS intensity distribution in the three fibers. Besides, there are some extra vacancies that contribute to the scattering background in the SFs. However, microvoids and microfibrils jointly contribute the SAXS patterns of CFs. The dimensions and orientation distribution of these scatterers have been obtained, presenting a structural hereditability from PANFs, to SFs, and then to CFs. In-situ SAXS studies on the three fibers were also performed under the axial tensile deformation. It has been found that the lateral sizes of microfibrils are almost unchanged, implying that the deformation breakage of the fibers is accompanied by the relative slippage of microfibrils. New structural models for the three fibers are given in this paper.
KeywordSAXS PAN Carbon fiber
DOI10.1016/j.polymer.2018.08.034
WOS KeywordCARBON-FIBERS ; OXIDATIVE STABILIZATION ; DEFORMATION ; DIFFRACTION ; MICROVOIDS ; POLYMERS ; BEHAVIOR
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPolymer Science
WOS SubjectPolymer Science
WOS IDWOS:000445783300054
EI Accession Number20183505756286
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihep.ac.cn/handle/311005/286375
Collection多学科研究中心
Corresponding AuthorWu ZH(吴忠华)
Affiliation中国科学院高能物理研究所
First Author AffilicationInstitute of High Energy
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of High Energy
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gong Y,Du R,Mo G,et al. Nanostructural hereditability in polyacrylonitrile based fibers studied by small angle X-ray scattering[J]. POLYMER,2018,153:485-497.
APA 宫宇.,杜蓉.,默广.,邢雪青.,吴忠华.,...&Wu, ZH.(2018).Nanostructural hereditability in polyacrylonitrile based fibers studied by small angle X-ray scattering.POLYMER,153,485-497.
MLA 宫宇,et al."Nanostructural hereditability in polyacrylonitrile based fibers studied by small angle X-ray scattering".POLYMER 153(2018):485-497.
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