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Luminescence properties and site occupancy of Ce3+ in Ba2SiO4: a combined experimental and ab initio study
Lin, LT; Huang, XX; Shi, R; Zhou, WJ; Huang, Y; Zhong, JP; Tao, Y; Chen, J; Ning, LX; Liang, HB; Huang Y(黄艳); Tao Y(陶冶)
Source PublicationRSC ADVANCES
AbstractPhotoluminescence properties of Ba2-2xCexNaxSiO4 (x = 0.0005) prepared by a solid-state reaction method are first studied with excitation energies in the vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) to ultraviolet (UV) range at low temperature. Five bands are observed in the excitation spectrum of Ce3+ 5d -> 4f emission at 26.5 K. The highest energy band is attributed to the host excitonic absorption, from which the band gap energy of the host is estimated to be around 7.36 eV. The four lower energy bands are assigned to the 4f -> 5d transitions of Ce3+ located at one of the two types of Ba sites in Ba2SiO4, based on a comparison of excitation spectra at different monitoring wavelengths. Under UV excitation, the material exhibits bright luminescence at 350-450 nm, with a fast decay time (similar to 26 ns at 4 K) and a high thermal quenching temperature (> 500 K). In view of this, X-ray excited luminescence measurements are then conducted, and the results suggest a potential application of Ba2SiO4: Ce3+ as scintillation phosphors. Hybrid density functional theory (DFT) calculations within the supercell model are carried out to optimize the local structures of Ce3+ at the two Ba sites in Ba2SiO4, on which wave function-based ab initio embedded cluster calculations are performed to derive the 4f(1) and 5d(1) energy levels of Ce3+. On the basis of the calculated DFT total energies and the comparison between experimental and calculated 4f -> 5d transition energies, we find that the luminescence originates predominantly from Ce3+ occupying nine-coordinated Ba2 sites. Furthermore, electronic properties of Ce3+ in Ba2SiO4 are evaluated to provide an understanding of the high thermal stability of the 5d luminescence at the level of electronic structures.
Indexed BySCI ; ADS ; EI ; SCOPUS
WOS Research AreaChemistry
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000401535100063
EI Accession Number20172703893300
EI KeywordsAbsorption spectroscopy - Barium - Calculations - Cerium compounds - Density functional theory - Electronic properties - Electronic structure - Energy gap - Excited states - Luminescence - Silicon compounds - Solid state reactions - Temperature - Thermodynamic stability - Wave functions
EI Classification Number549.2 Alkaline Earth Metals - 641.1 Thermodynamics - 741.1 Light/Optics - 802.2 Chemical Reactions - 921 Mathematics - 922.1 Probability Theory - 931.3 Atomic and Molecular Physics
ADS Bibcode2017RSCAd...725685L
ADS URLhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017RSCAd...725685L
ADS CITATIONShttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017RSCAd...725685L/citations
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7 [ADS]
Document Type期刊论文
First Author AffilicationInstitute of High Energy
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lin, LT,Huang, XX,Shi, R,et al. Luminescence properties and site occupancy of Ce3+ in Ba2SiO4: a combined experimental and ab initio study[J]. RSC ADVANCES,2017,7(41):25685-25693.
APA Lin, LT.,Huang, XX.,Shi, R.,Zhou, WJ.,Huang, Y.,...&陶冶.(2017).Luminescence properties and site occupancy of Ce3+ in Ba2SiO4: a combined experimental and ab initio study.RSC ADVANCES,7(41),25685-25693.
MLA Lin, LT,et al."Luminescence properties and site occupancy of Ce3+ in Ba2SiO4: a combined experimental and ab initio study".RSC ADVANCES 7.41(2017):25685-25693.
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