|Evaluation of the toxicity of graphene oxide exposure to the eye|
|Wu, W; Yan L(晏亮); Yan, L; Wu, Q; Li, YJ; Li, QY; Chen, SY; Yang, YL; Gu, ZJ; Xu, HW; Yin, ZQ; Gu ZJ(谷战军)
|摘要||Graphene and its derivatives are the new carbon nanomaterials with the prospect for great applications in electronics, energy storage, biosensors and medicine. However, little is known about the toxicity of graphene or its derivatives in the case of occasional or repeated ocular exposure. We performed in vitro and in vivo studies to evaluate the toxicity of graphene oxide (GO) exposure to the eye. Primary human corneal epithelium cells (hCorECs) and human conjunctiva epithelium cells (hConECs) were exposed to GO (12.5-100g/mL). Acute GO exposure (2h) did not induce cytotoxicity to hCorECs. However, short-term GO exposure (24h) exerted significant cytotoxicity to hCorECs and hConECs with increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Glutathione (GSH) reduced the GO-induced cytotoxicity. We further performed acute eye irritation tests in albino rabbits according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guidelines, and the rabbits did not exhibit corneal opacity, conjunctival redness, abnormality of the iris, or chemosis at any time point after the instillation of 100g/mL of GO. However, 5-day repeated GO exposure (50 and 100g/mL) caused reversible mild corneal opacity, conjunctival redness and corneal epithelium damage to Sprague-Dawley rats, which was also alleviated by GSH. Therefore, our study suggests that GO-induced time- and dose-dependent cytotoxicity to hCorECs and hConECs via oxidative stress. Occasional GO exposure did not cause acute eye irritation; short-term repeated GO exposure generally resulted in reversible damage to the eye via oxidative stress, which may be alleviated by the antioxidant GSH.|
; CARBON NANOTUBES
; SKIN SENSITIZATION
; OXIDATIVE STRESS
|WOS类目||Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
Wu, W,Yan L,Yan, L,et al. Evaluation of the toxicity of graphene oxide exposure to the eye[J]. NANOTOXICOLOGY,2016,10(9):1329-1340.
Wu, W.,晏亮.,Yan, L.,Wu, Q.,Li, YJ.,...&谷战军.(2016).Evaluation of the toxicity of graphene oxide exposure to the eye.NANOTOXICOLOGY,10(9),1329-1340.
Wu, W,et al."Evaluation of the toxicity of graphene oxide exposure to the eye".NANOTOXICOLOGY 10.9(2016):1329-1340.