[Huang, Yanping] CAS, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
; [Huang, Yanping] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
; [Huang, Yanping
; Na, Li
; Du, Jiaxin
; Li, Zhiming
; Wu, Yuanfang] Hua Zhong Normal Univ, Inst Particle Phys, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China
The two-particle azimuthal angle correlation (TPAC) and azimuthal charge balance function (ACBF) are used to study the anisotropic expansion in relativistic heavy ion collisions. It is demonstrated by the relativistic quantum molecular dynamics (RQMD) model and a multi-phase transport (AMPT) model that the small-angle correlation in TPAC indeed presents anisotropic expansion, and the large-angle (or back-to-back) correlation is mainly due to global momentum conservations. The AMPT model reproduces the observed TPAC, but the RQMD model fails to reproduce the strong correlations in both small and large azimuthal angles. The width of ACBF from RQMD and AMPT models decreases from peripheral to central collisions, consistent with experimental data, but in contrast to the expectation from thermal model calculations. The ACBF is insensitive to anisotropic expansion. It is a probe for the mechanism of hadronization, similar to the charge balance function in rapidity.