; Qiu, Taotao
; Brandenberger, Robert
; Zhang, Xinmin] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
; [Brandenberger, Robert] McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ H3A 2T8, Canada
; [Brandenberger, Robert
; Zhang, Xinmin] Chinese Acad Sci, Theoret Phys Ctr Sci Facil TPCSF, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
We study the cosmology of a Lee-Wick type scalar field theory. First, we consider homogeneous and isotropic background solutions and find that they are nonsingular, leading to cosmological bounces. Next, we analyze the spectrum of cosmological perturbations which result from this model. Unless either the potential of the Lee-Wick theory or the initial conditions are finely tuned, it is impossible to obtain background solutions which have a sufficiently long period of inflation after the bounce. More interestingly, however, we find that in the generic noninflationary bouncing cosmology, perturbations created from quantum vacuum fluctuations in the contracting phase have the correct form to lead to a scale-invariant spectrum of metric inhomogeneities in the expanding phase. Since the background is nonsingular, the evolution of the fluctuations is defined unambiguously through the bounce. We also analyze the evolution of fluctuations which emerge from thermal initial conditions in the contracting phase. The spectrum of gravitational waves stemming from quantum vacuum fluctuations in the contracting phase is also scale-invariant, and the tensor to scalar ratio is not suppressed.