Jilin Univ, Natl Lab Superhard Mat, Changchun 130023, Peoples R China
; Acad Sinica, Inst High Energy Phys, BSRF, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
High-pressure in situ energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction experiments on GaN nanocrystals with 50 nm diameter have been carried out using a synchrotron x-ray source and a diamond-anvil cell up to about 79 GPa at room temperature. A pressure-induced first-order structural phase transition from the wurtzite-type structure to the rock-salt-type structure starts at about 48.8 GPa. The rock-salt-type phase persists to the highest pressure in our experimental range.