Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Properties of geometric phase under Galilean transformation are investigated within a general framework. We found that the geometric phase in the system commonly met with in the laboratory is Galilean invariant. However, this is not always true for general non-relativistic quantum systems. The physical origins of the frame dependence of geometric phase is discussed in detail. We emphasize that the change of geometric phase caused by Galilean boosts does not destroy the results of measurement for two-state interference. It is consistent with the general constraint of Galilean invariance on a non-relativistic quantum system.