Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
; Univ Three Gorges, Dept Phys, Yichang 443000, Peoples R China
; China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, World Lab, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
Levinson's theorem for the Schrodinger equation with a cylindrically symmetric potential in two dimensions is reestablished by the Sturm-Liouville theorem. The critical case, where the Schrodinger equation has a finite zero-energy solution, is:analyzed in detail. It is shown that, in comparison to Levinson's theorem in the noncritical case, the half bound state for the P wave, in which the wave function for the zero-energy solution does not decay fast enough at infinity to be square integrable, will cause the phase shift of the P wave at zero energy to increase an additional pi. [S1050-2947(98)08908-2].