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The brain morphology of Homo Liujiang cranium fossil by three-dimensional computed tomography
Wu, XJ; Liu, W; Dong, W; Que, JM; Wang, YF; Que JM(阙介民); Wang YF(王燕芳)
刊名CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN
2008
卷号53期号:16页码:2513-2519
关键词Homo Liujiang computed tomography endocranial capacity brain evolution
学科分类Science & Technology - Other Topics
DOI10.1007/s11434-008-0263-z
通讯作者[Wu XiuJie ; Liu Wu ; Dong Wei] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Lab Evolutionary Systemat Vertebrates, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China ; [Que JieMin ; Wang YanFang] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
文章类型Article
英文摘要The Liujiang cranium is the most complete and well-preserved late Pleistocene human fossils ever unearthed in south China. Because the endocranial cavity is filled with hard stone matrix, earlier studies focused only on the exterior morphology of the specimen using the traditional methods. In order to derive more information for the phyletic evaluation of the Liujiang cranium, high-resolution industrial computed tomography (CT) was used to scan the fossil, and the three-dimensional (3D) brain image was reconstructed. Compared with the endocasts of the hominin fossils (Hexian, Zhoukoudian, KNM-WT 15000, Sm 3, Kabwe, Brunn 3, Predmost) and modern Chinese, most morphological features of the Liujiang brain are in common with modern humans, including a round brain shape, bulged and wide frontal lobes, an enlarged brain height, a full orbital margin and long parietal lobes. A few differences exist between Liujiang and the modern Chinese in our sample, including a strong posterior projection of the occipital lobes, and a reduced cerebellar lobe. The measurement of the virtual endocast shows that the endocranial capacity of Liujiang is 1567 cc, which is in the range of Late Homo sapiens and much beyond the mean of modern humans. The brain morphology of Liujiang is assigned to Late Homo sapiens.
类目[WOS]Multidisciplinary Sciences
研究领域[WOS]Science & Technology - Other Topics
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语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000258528600014
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被引频次:11[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ihep.ac.cn/handle/311005/239773
专题核技术应用研究中心_期刊论文
核技术应用研究中心
作者单位中国科学院高能物理研究所
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Wu, XJ,Liu, W,Dong, W,et al. The brain morphology of Homo Liujiang cranium fossil by three-dimensional computed tomography[J]. CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,2008,53(16):2513-2519.
APA Wu, XJ.,Liu, W.,Dong, W.,Que, JM.,Wang, YF.,...&王燕芳.(2008).The brain morphology of Homo Liujiang cranium fossil by three-dimensional computed tomography.CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,53(16),2513-2519.
MLA Wu, XJ,et al."The brain morphology of Homo Liujiang cranium fossil by three-dimensional computed tomography".CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN 53.16(2008):2513-2519.
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