CAS, Beijing Synchrotron Radiat Facil, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Article; Proceedings Paper
The local structures of supported CuO/gamma-Al2O3 monolayer dispersive catalysts with different CuO loadings have been investigated by EXAFS and multiple scattering XANES simulations. The EXAFS results show that the first nearest neighbors around the Cu atoms in the CuO/gamma-Al2O3 catalysts are similar to that of the polycrystalline CuO powder, which is independent of the CuO loadings. Moreover, the Cu K-XANES FEFF8 calculations for CuO reveal that the monolayer-dispersed CuO species are of small distorted (CUO4)(m)(n+) clusters, which is mainly composed of a distorted CuO6 octahedron incorporated in the surface octahedral vacant sites of the gamma-Al2O3 support. We consider that the CuO species for the CuO/gamma-Al2O3 catalysts with loadings of 0.4 and 0.8 mmol/100m(2) are distorted (CuO4)(m)(n+) clusters composed mainly of a distorted CuO6 octahedron incorporated in the surface octahedral vacant sites of the gamma-Al2O3 support after calcinations at high temperature in air for a few hours. On the contrary, for the CuO/gamma-Al2O3 with loading of 1.2mmol/100m(2), the local structure of Cu atoms in CuO/y-Al2O3 is similar to that of polycrystalline CuO powder. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.