Zhengzhou Univ, Fac Phys Engn, Zhengzhou 450052, Peoples R China
; Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Phys, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
; Inst Archaeol Shanxi Province, Xian 710054, Peoples R China
This paper reports our study of the provenance of ancient Chinese Yaozhou porcelain. The content of 29 elements-in the Yaozhou porcelain samples was measured by neutron activation analysis (NAA). The NAA data were further analysed using fuzzy cluster analysis to obtain the trend fuzzy cluster diagrams. These samples with different glaze colour, ranging over more than 700 years, were fired in different kilns. Our analysis indicates the relatively concentrated distribution of the sources of the raw material for the Yaozhou porcelain body samples. They can be classified into two independent periods, i.e. the Tang (AD 618-907) and the Five Dynasties (AD 907-960) period, and the. Song (AD 960-1279) and Jin (AD 1115-1234) period. Our analysis also indicates that the sources of the raw material for the ancient Yaozhou porcelain glaze samples are quite scattered and those for the black glaze in the Tang Dynasty are very concentrated. The sources of the raw material for the celadon glaze and the white glaze in the Tang Dynasty are widely distributed and those for the celadon glaze in the Song Dynasty are close to those of the bluish white glaze in the Jin Dynasty, and they are very concentrated. The sources of the raw material for the porcelain glazes cover those of the porcelain bodies.