Japan Atom Energy Res Inst, Adv Sci Res Ctr, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
; Niigata Univ, Dept Chem, Niigata, Japan
; Univ Tokushima, Dept Radiol Sci & Engn, Tokushima, Japan
; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China
Article; Proceedings Paper
The present status of heavy element nuclear chemistry research at JAERI (Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute) is reviewed. Production of the transactinide nuclei (216)Rf and (212)Db via the reactions of Cm-248(O-18,5n) and Cm-248(F-19,5n), respectively, at the JAERI tandem accelerator is reported. Study of the aqueous chemistry of Rf is being carried out with a newly developed rapid ion-exchange separation apparatus. Anion-exchange behavior of Rf in acidic solution is briefly discussed. Recent experimental results on decay studies of neutron-deficient actinide nuclei using the gas-jet coupled JAERI-ISOL are given. We also discuss characteristics of nuclear deformation properties at scission in symmetric and asymmetric fission of actinides. Prospects for studies in the near future are briefly considered. (C) 2003 MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica".