; Peng, Qiu-He] Nanjing Univ, Dept Astron, Nanjing 210093, Peoples R China
; [Xu, Ren-Xin] Peking Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
; [Song, Li-Ming] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Resonant cyclotron scattering (RCS) in pulsar magnetospheres is considered. The photon diffusion equation (Kompaneets equation) for RCS is derived. The photon system is modeled three dimensionally. Numerical calculations show that there exist not only up scattering but also down scattering of RCS, depending on the parameter space. RCS's possible applications to spectral energy distributions of magnetar candidates and radio quiet isolated neutron stars (INSs) are pointed out. The optical/UV excess of INSs may be caused by the down scattering of RCS. The calculations for RX J1856.5-3754 and RX J0720.4-3125 are presented and compared with their observational data. In our model, the INSs are proposed to be normal neutron stars, although the quark star hypothesis is still possible. The low pulsation amplitude of INSs is a natural consequence in the RCS model.