Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Key Lab Nucl Analyt Tech, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
; Inst Archaeol & Cultural Relics Jiangxi Prov, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
; Peking Univ, Sch Archaeol & Museol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
Over 100 sherds were collected from Hongzhou Kiln of Jiangxi Province, China and their body samples were analyzed by INAA. The compositional differences between samples with the same period but different provenance were observed. The contents of Na, Rb, Ba, Fe, Th, U, etc., were found to be different among samples from different periods, which implies they may be used to identify the manufacturing age indirectly. The analytical data were further processed by principal components analysis (PCA). The statistical results show that all the sherds can be classified into 5 groups: (1) Eastern Han and Eastern Wu; (2) Western Jin, Eastern Jin and Southern Dynasties; (3) Sui; (4) Early Tang and Middle Tang; (5) Late Tang and Five Dynasties.