Tsing Hua Univ, Dept Phys, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
; Tsing Hua Univ, Tsinghua Ctr Astrophys, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
; Univ Alabama, Dept Phys, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA
; NASA, George C Marshall Space Flight Ctr, Space Sci Lab, Huntsville, AL 35812 USA
; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Key Lab Particle Astrophys, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
We perform multiscale non-Gaussianity detection and localization to the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) first-year data in both wavelet and real spaces. Such an analysis is facilitated by spherical wavelet transform and inverse transform techniques developed by the YAWtb team. Skewness and kurtosis as test statistics are calculated on scales from about 1 degrees to 30 degrees on the sky, as well as toward different directions using anisotropic spherical Morlet wavelets (SMW). A maximum deviation from Gaussian simulations with a right tail probability of similar to 99.9% is detected at an angular scale of similar to 12 degrees at an azimuthal orientation of similar to 0 degrees on the sky. In addition, some significant non-Gaussian spots have been identified and localized in real space from both the combined Q-V-W map recommended by the WMAP team and the Tegmark foreground-cleaned map. Systematic effects due to beams and noise can be rejected as the source of this non-Gaussianity. Several tests show that residual foreground contamination may significantly contribute to this non-Gaussian feature. It is thus still premature to do more precise tests on the non-Gaussianity of the intrinsic CMB fluctuations before we can identify the origin of these foreground signals, understand their nature, and finally remove them from the CMB maps completely.
Liu, X,Zhang SN,Zhang, SN. Non-Gaussianity due to possible residual foreground signals in Wilkinson Microwave Anistropy Probe first-year data using spherical wavelet approaches[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2005,633(2):542-551.
Liu, X,张双南,&Zhang, SN.(2005).Non-Gaussianity due to possible residual foreground signals in Wilkinson Microwave Anistropy Probe first-year data using spherical wavelet approaches.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,633(2),542-551.
Liu, X,et al."Non-Gaussianity due to possible residual foreground signals in Wilkinson Microwave Anistropy Probe first-year data using spherical wavelet approaches".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 633.2(2005):542-551.