Stanford Univ, Stanford Linear Accelerator Ctr, Stanford, CA 94309 USA
; Sejong Univ, Dept Phys, Seoul 143747, South Korea
; CCAST, World Lab, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
; Peking Univ, Dept Phys, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
; Acad Sinica, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
; Univ Tecn Federico Santa Maria, Dept Fis, Valparaiso, Chile
The matrix elements of local operators such as the electromagnetic current, the energy-momentum tensor, angular momentum, and the moments of structure functions have exact representations in terms of light-cone Fock state wavefunctions of bound states such as hadrons. We illustrate all of these properties by giving explicit light-cone wavefunctions for the two-particle Fock state of the electron in QED, thus connecting the Schwinger anomalous magnetic moment to the spin and orbital angular momentum carried by its Fock state constituents. We also compute the QED one-loop radiative corrections for the form factors for the graviton coupling to the electron and photon. Although the underlying model is derived from elementary QED perturbative couplings, it in fact can be used to simulate much more general bound state systems by applying spectral integration over the constituent masses while preserving all of the Lorentz properties, giving explicit realization of the spin sum rules and other local matrix elements. The role of orbital angular momentum in understanding the "spin crisis" problem for relativistic systems is clarified. We also prove that the anomalous gravitomagnetic moment B(0) vanishes for any composite system. This property is shown to follow directly from the Lorentz boost properties of the light-cone Fock representation and holds separately for each Fock state component. We show how the QED perturbative structure can be used to model bound state systems while preserving all Lorentz properties. We thus obtain a theoretical laboratory to test the consistency of formulae which have been proposed to probe the spin structure of hadrons. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.