Thermal hydraulics of spallation target, which is regarded as the 'heart' of the accelerator driven system (ADS), is very complicated due to the flow of the heavy liquid metal, spallation reaction and the coupling. In this paper, the steady-state temperature distribution, based on the flow pattern and the heat deposition, in the windowless spallation target with various large beam intensities from 10 mA to 40 mA is obtained to be in line with the development of ADS in China. The results show that the shape of temperature distribution is the same as broken wing of the butterfly but the temperature gradient and the maximum temperature vary in proportion with beam intensity. The variation of temperature gradient in different zones is also used to figure out the effect of large beam intensity. It has been found that large radial and axial temperature gradient leads to large temperature gradient on the wall. This may cause extremely large thermal stresses which leads to structural material damage. The results may be applied to the future design and optimization of ADS in China. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Liu, J,Gao, L,Tong JF,et al. Study of steady-state heat transfer with various large beam intensities in ADS windowless spallation target[J]. APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING,2015,88(SI):444-450.
Liu, J,Gao, L,童剑飞,Tong, JF,Mehmood, I,&Lu, WQ.(2015).Study of steady-state heat transfer with various large beam intensities in ADS windowless spallation target.APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING,88(SI),444-450.
Liu, J,et al."Study of steady-state heat transfer with various large beam intensities in ADS windowless spallation target".APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING 88.SI(2015):444-450.