Wu, ZY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing Synchrotron Radiat Facil, POB 918, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China.
Article; Proceedings Paper
The preedge features in a system with "even" symmetry, apart from quadrupolar transition contribution, are mainly dipolar in character, associated with the existence of unoccupied states made up of mixed cation-4p with higher-neighboring cation-3d orbitals, and reflect the density of states due to the medium-range order of the system. In "odd" symmetry materials these preedge features are the result of a transition from the 1s to a final density of states of p symmetry due to an unsymmetrical mixing of the ligand wave functions with the central cation 3d orbitals, similar to atetrahedral configuration. These results are validated for Fe as a photoabsorber by comparing XAS spectra of Fe2SiO4 (fayalite) to ab initio full multiple scattering calculations at the Fe K edge, but pertain to all systems containing sixfold-coordinated cations.