LI, TP (reprint author), CHINESE ACAD SCI,INST HIGH ENERGY PHYS,HIGH ENERGY ASTROPHYS LAB,BEIJING,PEOPLES R CHINA.
High resolution reconstruction of complicated objects from incomplete and noisy data can be achieved by solving modulation equations iteratively under physical constraints. This direct demodulation method is a powerful technique for dealing with inverse problem in general case. Spectral and image restorations and computerized tomography are only particular cases.of general demodulation. It is possible to reconstruct an object in higher dimensional space from observations by a simple lower dimensional instrument through direct demodulation. Our simulations show that wide field and high resolution images of space hard X-rays and soft gamma-rays can be obtained by a collimated non-position-sensitive detector without coded aperture masks.