Hou, XL (reprint author), ACAD SINICA,INST HIGH ENERGY PHYS,POB 2732,BEIJING 100080,PEOPLES R CHINA.
In this work, China was divided into four are groups according to their geographical positions and dietary habits. All foods were divided into 12 types and the iodine contents in various diets were determined using epithermal neutron activation analysis (NAA). The intakes for China were evaluated. The results indicate that the intakes of iodine in northern areas are slightly higher and in south areas lower than the lowest recommended intake, and the average intake in China is 166 mu g/person per day, which is within the recommended range. In addition, one province were chosen from each area groups. The dietary intakes of iodine were investigated in different ages and sex using total mixed diet method. Our results indicate that the average iodine intake of four provinces was lower than the recommended value, which suggests that if is necessary to supplement iodine in foods in China. Copyright (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.