Ni nanoclusters supported on Al2O3 were prepared using a coprecipitation method. A heat treatment at different temperatures was applied. The obtained samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in order to determine their global, local and electronic structures. The average particle size, the mean squares of the microstrain, the particle size and microstrain distribution functions of the supported Ni nanoclusters were determined by the XRD method using a generalized Fermi function for the approximation of the X-ray line. The recrystallization induced during the heat treatment process was analyzed. The present study indicated strong deformation of the local structure of the active metal in all of the samples investigated due to the metal-support interaction and the effects of the small particle size. Electronic structural investigations showed the presence of Ni in a metallic state as well as Ni2+ on the cluster surfaces.