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A feasible scheme to search for fractional charge particles in low energy accelerator experiments
Wang, JH; Bian JG(卞建国); Bian, JG
2012
发表期刊JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION
卷号7页码:P07020
摘要In the Standard Model of particle physics, quarks and anti-quarks have fractional charges equal to +/- 1/3 or +/- 2/3 of the electron's charge. There has been a large number of experiments searching for fractional charge particles using a variety of methods, including dE/dx ionization energy loss measurements in e(+)e collisions, but no evidence has been found to confirm existence of free fractional charge particles, which leads to the quark confinement theory. In this paper, a proposal to search for fractional charge particles is presented, which is based on the conservation law of four-momentum and the Lorentz force law. To show the power of the new strategy, a fully BESIII detector simulated signal sample mixed with a fully simulated background sample is analyzed and lower signal cross section limits to discover 5 sigma signal as a function of quark mass are estimated for the background. The analysis result shows that in comparison with ionization energy loss measurements, the advantage of the strategy is that it can identify fractional charge particles without using any theoretical or empirical formulae to calculate any expected observation values.
关键词Particle identification methods Plasma diagnostics - charged-particle spectroscopy
学科领域Instruments & Instrumentation
DOI10.1088/1748-0221/7/07/P07020
收录类别SCI
WOS记录号WOS:000307076500003
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ihep.ac.cn/handle/311005/224745
专题粒子天体物理中心
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Wang, JH,Bian JG,Bian, JG. A feasible scheme to search for fractional charge particles in low energy accelerator experiments[J]. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION,2012,7:P07020.
APA Wang, JH,卞建国,&Bian, JG.(2012).A feasible scheme to search for fractional charge particles in low energy accelerator experiments.JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION,7,P07020.
MLA Wang, JH,et al."A feasible scheme to search for fractional charge particles in low energy accelerator experiments".JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION 7(2012):P07020.
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