Using the angle-dispersive synchrotron x-ray powder diffraction technique in a diamond anvil cell, the high-pressure behaviors of antimony telluride (Sb2Te3) are explored up to 52.7 GPa at room temperature. Three high-pressure phases have been observed, at about 8.0 GPa, 13.2 GPa and above 21.6 GPa, respectively. Furthermore, the crystalline structures of these high-pressure phases are determined as monoclinic sevenfold C2/m phase, eightfold C2/c phase and disordered body-centered cubic structure (space group Im - 3m) respectively. The phase-transition sequences and pressures observed are well explained by first-principles calculations. The pressure dependence of the volume of all high-pressure phases is described by a third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state. All the high-pressure phases are metallic and the metallic character for beta-, gamma- and delta-Sb2Te3 increases in turn based on the results of the electronic density of states calculated for each high-pressure phase.