If the massive neutrinos are identified to be the Majorana particles via a convincing measurement of the neutrinoless double beta (0 nu beta beta) decay, how to determine the Majorana CP-violating phases in the 3 x 3 lepton flavor mixing matrix U will become a desirable experimental question. The answer to this question is to explore all the possible lepton-number-violating (LNV) processes in which the Majorana phases really matter. In this paper we carry out a systematic study of CP violation in neutrino-antineutrino oscillations, whose CP-conserving parts involve six independent 0 nu beta beta-like mass terms < m >(alpha beta) and CP-violating parts are associated with nine independent Jarlskog-like parameters V-alpha beta(ij) (for alpha, beta = e, mu, tau and i, j = 1, 2, 3). With the help of current neutrino oscillation data, we analyze the sensitivities of vertical bar < m >(alpha beta)vertical bar and V-alpha beta(ij) to the three CP-violating phases of U, and illustrate the salient features of six independent CP-violating asymmetries between nu(alpha) -> (nu) over bar (beta) and (nu) over bar (alpha) -> nu(beta) oscillations. As a by-product, the effects of the CP-violating phases on the LNV decays of doubly and singly charged Higgs bosons are reexamined by taking account of the unsuppressed value of theta(13). Such CP-conserving LNV processes can be complementary to the possible measurements of neutrino-antineutrino oscillations in the distant future.