COSMOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES. II. EVIDENCE FOR DOWNSIZING OF SPIN EVOLUTION
Li YR(李彦荣); 王建民;Li, YR; Wang, JM; Ho, LC
刊名ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
2012
卷号749期号:2页码:187
关键词black hole physics galaxies: evolution quasars: general
学科分类Astronomy & Astrophysics
DOI10.1088/0004-637X/749/2/187
英文摘要The spin is an important but poorly constrained parameter for describing supermassive black holes (SMBHs). Using the continuity equation of SMBH number density, we explicitly obtain the mass-dependent cosmological evolution of the radiative efficiency for accretion, which serves as a proxy for SMBH spin. Our calculations make use of the SMBH mass function of active and inactive galaxies (derived in the first paper of this series), the bolometric luminosity function of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), corrected for the contribution from Compton-thick sources, and the observed Eddington ratio distribution. We find that the radiative efficiency generally increases with increasing black hole mass at high redshifts (z greater than or similar to 1), roughly as eta proportional to M-0.5, while the trend reverses at lower redshifts, such that the highest efficiencies are attained by the lowest mass black holes. Black holes with M-center dot greater than or similar to 10(8.5) M-circle dot maintain radiative efficiencies as high as eta approximate to 0.3-0.4 at high redshifts, near the maximum for rapidly spinning systems, but their efficiencies drop dramatically (by an order of magnitude) by z approximate to 0. The pattern for lower mass holes is somewhat more complicated but qualitatively similar. Assuming that the standard accretion disk model applies, we suggest that the accretion history of SMBHs and their accompanying spins evolves in two distinct regimes: an early phase of prolonged accretion, plausibly driven by major mergers, during which the black hole spins up, then switching to a period of random, episodic accretion, governed by minor mergers and internal secular processes, during which the hole spins down. The transition epoch depends on mass, mirroring other evidence for "cosmic downsizing" in the AGN population; it occurs at z approximate to 2 for high-mass black holes and somewhat later, at z approximate to 1, for lower mass systems.
收录类别SCI
WOS记录号WOS:000302785700091
引用统计
被引频次:29[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ihep.ac.cn/handle/311005/224440
专题中国科学院高能物理研究所_粒子天体物理中心_期刊论文
中国科学院高能物理研究所_粒子天体物理中心
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Li YR,王建民;Li, YR,Wang, JM,et al. COSMOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES. II. EVIDENCE FOR DOWNSIZING OF SPIN EVOLUTION[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2012,749(2):187.
APA 李彦荣,王建民;Li, YR,Wang, JM,&Ho, LC.(2012).COSMOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES. II. EVIDENCE FOR DOWNSIZING OF SPIN EVOLUTION.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,749(2),187.
MLA 李彦荣,et al."COSMOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES. II. EVIDENCE FOR DOWNSIZING OF SPIN EVOLUTION".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 749.2(2012):187.
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