The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is the first accelerator-based multidiscipline user facility to produce pulsed neutrons by tungsten target under collision of a pulsed proton beam with a beam power of 100 kW at a repetition rate of 25 Hz. In this paper, we focus on the physical design of CSNS target station and neutron instruments. Under optimized design, the flat tungsten target and the compact target-moderator-reflector coupling enhance effective cold and thermal neutron output from moderators. Three wing-type moderators supply four different characteristics of neutrons to 19 beamlines primarily for neutron scattering applications. Layout of neutron instruments are conceptually planned for total 20 beamlines, the configuration and specification have been determined for three day-one neutron instruments. All designs are optimized for the Phase I of 100 kW with a upgradable capacity to 500 kW.
Wang, FW,Liang, TJ,Yin, W,et al. Physical design of target station and neutron instruments for China Spallation Neutron Source[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY,2013,56(12):2410-2424.
Wang, FW.,Liang, TJ.,Yin, W.,Yu, QZ.,He, LH.,...&Zhang, SY；陶举洲.(2013).Physical design of target station and neutron instruments for China Spallation Neutron Source.SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY,56(12),2410-2424.
Wang, FW,et al."Physical design of target station and neutron instruments for China Spallation Neutron Source".SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY 56.12(2013):2410-2424.