The distribution of chemically similar transition-metal ions is a fundamental issue in the study of herbertsmithite-type kagome antiferromagnets. Using synchrotron radiation, we have performed resonant powder X-ray diffractions on newly synthesized CoCu3(OH)(6)Cl-2, which provide an exact distribution of transition-metal ions in the frustrated antiferromagnet. Both magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements are quantitatively consistent with the occupation fractions determined by resonant Xray diffraction. The distribution of transition-metal ions and residual magnetic entropy suggest a novel low temperature (T < 4 K) magnetism, where the interlayer triangular spins undergo a spin-glass freezing while the kagome spins still keep highly frustrated. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.