Blood cadmium, mercury, and lead in children: An international comparison of cities in six European countries, and China, Ecuador, and Morocco
Hruba, F; Stromberg, U; Cerna, M; Chen, CY; Harari, F; Harari, R; Horvat, M; Koppova, K; Kos, A; Krskova, A; Krsnik, M; Laamech, J; Li, YF; Lofmark, L; Lundh, T; Lundstrom, NG; Lyoussi, B; Mazej, D; Osredkar, J; Pawlas, K; Pawlas, N; Prokopowicz, A; Rentschler, G; Spevackova, V; Spiric, Z; Tratnik, J; Skerfving, S; Bergdahl, IA; Chen CY(陈春英); Li YF(李玉锋)
刊名ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
2012
卷号41页码:29-34
关键词Cadmium Mercury Lead Children Exposure Biomonitoring
学科分类Environmental Sciences & Ecology
DOI10.1016/j.envint.2011.12.001
英文摘要Children's blood-lead concentration (B-Pb) is well studied, but little is known about cadmium (B-Cd) and mercury (B-Hg), in particular for central Europe. Such information is necessary for risk assessment and management. Therefore, we here describe and compare B-Pb, B-Cd and B-Hg in children in six European, and three non-European cities, and identify determinants of these exposures. About 50 school children (7-14 years) from each city were recruited (totally 433) in 2007-2008. Interview and questionnaire data were obtained. A blood sample was analyzed: only two laboratories with strict quality control were used. The European cities showed only minor differences for B-Cd (geometric means 0.11-0.17 mu g/L) and B-Pb (14-20 mu g/L), but larger for B-Hg (0.12-0.94 mu g/L). Corresponding means for the non-European countries were 0.21-0.26, 32-71, and 0.3-3.2 mu g/L, respectively. For B-Cd in European samples, traffic intensity close to home was a statistically significant determinant, for B-Hg fish consumption and amalgam fillings, and for B-Pb sex (boys higher). This study shows that European city children's B-Cd and B-Pb vary only little between countries; B-Hg differs considerably, due to varying tooth restoration practices and fish intake. Traffic intensity seemed to be a determinant for B-Cd. The metal concentrations were low from a risk perspective but the chosen non-European cities showed higher concentrations than the cities in Europe. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
收录类别SCI
WOS记录号WOS:000301684700004
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被引频次:46[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ihep.ac.cn/handle/311005/223776
专题中国科学院高能物理研究所_多学科研究中心_期刊论文
中国科学院高能物理研究所_多学科研究中心
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Hruba, F,Stromberg, U,Cerna, M,et al. Blood cadmium, mercury, and lead in children: An international comparison of cities in six European countries, and China, Ecuador, and Morocco[J]. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,2012,41:29-34.
APA Hruba, F.,Stromberg, U.,Cerna, M.,Chen, CY.,Harari, F.,...&李玉锋.(2012).Blood cadmium, mercury, and lead in children: An international comparison of cities in six European countries, and China, Ecuador, and Morocco.ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,41,29-34.
MLA Hruba, F,et al."Blood cadmium, mercury, and lead in children: An international comparison of cities in six European countries, and China, Ecuador, and Morocco".ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL 41(2012):29-34.
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