Gong, M (reprint author), Univ Kentucky, Dept Phys & Astron, Lexington, KY 40506 USA.
We present a calculation of the strangeness and charmness contents < N vertical bar(s) over bars vertical bar N > and < N vertical bar(c) over barc vertical bar N > of the nucleon from dynamical lattice QCD with 2 + 1 flavors. The calculation is performed with overlap valence quarks on 2 + 1-flavor domain-wall fermion gauge configurations. The configurations are generated by the RBC collaboration on a 24(3) x 64 lattice with sea-quark mass am(l) = 0.005, am(s) = 0.04, and inverse lattice spacing a(-1) = 1.73 GeV. Both actions have chiral symmetry which is essential in avoiding contamination due to the operator mixing with other flavors. The nucleon propagator and the quark loops are both computed with stochastic grid sources, while low-mode substitution and low-mode averaging methods are used respectively which substantially improve the signal-to-noise ratio. We obtain the strangeness matrix element fT(s) = m(s)< N vertical bar(s) over bars vertical bar N >/M-N = 0.0334(62), and the charmness content fT(c) = m(c)< N vertical bar(c) over barc vertical bar N >/M-N = 0.094(31) which is resolved from zero by 3 sigma precision for the first time.